A listed building is a building of special architectural or historic interest and is included on a statutory register called the Statutory List of Buildings of Architectural or Historic Interest, drawn up by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). Consent is required for any works to a listed building that would affect its character.
To view the buildings in Crawley that have listed status, click on the link below.
To find out more about the principles for selecting a listed building have a look on the Historic England website.
Listed Buildings represent the best of Britain's heritage. They are buildings that are worthy of protection for the benefit of future generations and include buildings and structures of every size and type – from famous cathedrals to telephone boxes. This advice note explains what a listed building is, how new buildings are added to the list and what the procedures and regulations are regarding works to listed buildings.
A listed building is a structure which is recognised for its special architectural or historic interest and is consequently included on the Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. Listing provides a system of control to prevent indiscriminate demolition and to avoid irreparable damage to historic buildings caused by poorly executed alterations and extensions.
Crawley Borough currently has 100 listed buildings.
Historic England advises the Secretary of State for Culture Media and Sport on buildings to be added to the lists. A building can be selected for various reasons. It may have a particularly interesting architectural design, or exhibit special decoration and craftsmanship or it may be an important example of a particular building type. Also it may illustrate the use of innovative construction techniques or some important aspect of the country's social or economic history or have connections with important people or events. In every case the interest must be of national importance.
The principles of selection for the lists cover five main groups:
1. All buildings prior to 1700 which survive in anything like their original condition.
2. Most buildings dating between 1700 and 1840.
3. Buildings of definite quality and character dating between 1840 and 1914 (selection includes principal works by principal architects, or examples of building innovation).
4. Selected buildings of high quality between 1914 and 1939.
5. A few outstanding buildings post-1939.
Buildings are graded to show their relative importance:
The listed building controls apply to all buildings equally, irrespective of their grade.
A building is often listed after only an external inspection has been made. Nevertheless, a listing applies to the whole property, both inside and out. This including all facades (even those not visible from the street), its interior, boundary walls or railings and any object or structure fixed to the building or within in its grounds (i.e. its curtilage). Two common misconceptions are that only those items mentioned in the listing description are protected, or that only the front façade of a listed building is protected. Neither of these are true. Room layouts cannot be altered without consent. All interior features such as staircases, doors, doorcases, wall panelling, fireplaces and decorative ceilings are also listed and therefore cannot be removed or altered without consent.
Anyone can make a request to Historic England to 'spot list' a building but requests must include a fully informed case as to why the building should be listed. A written request must include a location plan, photographs, and the building's date of construction, name of the architect if known, any historical associations, its group value in the street scene and details of any internal features of interest.
Yes. Inclusion on the statutory list does not necessarily prevent alteration or extension, although Listed Building Consent will also be required, in addition to normal planning permission. It is generally possible to find satisfactory ways to make additions or alterations, with specialist and/or professional advice and guidance. This work requires great skill and care in order to conserve the historic features, character and setting of the building.
It is a criminal offence to demolish or alter a Listed Building without the necessary consent and the owner, or whoever caused the work to be done (e.g. the agent, architect or builder) may be prosecuted. Works requiring consent may include the removal of small parts of a building (e.g. a window, door, pier cap, tiles or plaster features). It is always advisable before starting any work to a Listed Building to check with the Borough Council whether consent may be required. Where unauthorised work has occurred which, in the view of the local planning authority, has adversely affected the character of the building a Listed Building Enforcement Notice can be served on the owner. This notice can require the building to be restored to its former state.
In all cases you should seek advice from the Development Control Team by phone, via the Contact Centre, on (01293) 438000 or by email at . In addition, a planning officer is available for meetings Monday to Friday from 10am until 1pm at the Council’s offices at the Town Hall. Please phone the Contact Centre to make an appointment.
Further information is available from Historic England’s website:
tel: (01293) 438512
fax: (01293) 438495
email: click to contact us
W.Sussex RH10 1UZ